The purpose of the background, as the word itself indicates, is to provide the reader with a background to the study, and hence to smoothly lead into a description of the methods employed in the investigation.
What did it find out about these causes? Synthesize the material from all the works—what are the connections you see, or the connections you are trying to illustrate, among your readings.
Note: Your abstract should read like an overview of your paper, not a proposal for what you intended to study or accomplish. Citing to just a journal article's abstract does not confirm for the reader that you have conducted a thorough or reliable review of the literature.
Keeping your points organized makes it easier for the reader to follow along and make sense of your review. Then revise or add connecting phrases or words to make the narrative flow clearly and smoothly. Writing Style Use the active voice when possible, but note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions.
University College Writing Centre. The abstract provides a statement of what the paper will ask or explore rather than what it found: X This report examines the causes of oversleeping.
Bibliography Definition An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1 the overall purpose of the study and the research problem s you investigated; 2 the basic design of the study; 3 major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4 a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript. In most cases, however, a longer background section means that less space remains for the presentation of the results.
The abstract provides general categories rather than specific details in the findings: X The study draws conclusions about which variables are most important in choosing a movie theater.
If the Libraries have a subscription to the journal, the article should appear with a link to the full-text or to the journal publisher page where you can get the article.