Original residents remained in their neighborhood, and as urban renewal created new housing options, middle class white people moved in as well. Some areas did improve, while other areas, such as East Liberty and the Hill Districtdeclined following ambitious projects that shifted traffic patterns, blocked streets to vehicular traffic, isolated or divided neighborhoods with highways, and removed large numbers of ethnic and minority residents.
The triangle of the Washington Park Urban Renewal Area began at the business district but did not include it ,kept within broadways of Washington and Warren streets and swept up to Seaver Street overlooking Franklin Park.
Some programs, such as that administered by Fresh Ministries and Operation New Hope in Jacksonville, Floridaand the Hill Community Development Corporation Hill CDC in Pittsburgh's historic Hill District attempt to develop communities, while at the same time combining highly favorable loan programs with financial literacy education so that poorer residents are not displaced.
Characterless towers have gone up on prime waterfront lots.
The Teachers College, which had recently removed to Brookline, was built in as an addition to an existing Baptist Church. Based on community feedback, the BRA will refine the goals and planning objectives for each urban renewal area before hosting public forums in the fall to present the findings and discuss next steps for the extension process.
Otto graduated from Howard University in Black families that had their homes and neighborhoods destroyed had to find housing options deeper in the inner city as whites could then use those highways to spread further and further into the suburbs but continue to work in the city .
O'Connor concludes that, although the ethnic and religious divisions that had impeded Boston's modernization under James Michael Curley, may have dissipated between andthe period saw the rise of "two Bostons" split along racial and class lines.
The influence of Mollenkopf's "pro growth coalitions," which drive urban revitalization efforts by creating bridges between "widely different, competing, and even conflicting political actors and interests" Mollenkopf, p. Between August, and the New Year ofthe BRA refined and added details to the plan and designated specific sites for housing, commercial buildings, schools, parks and the civic center.