The causes symptoms and management of leprosy

Loss of feeling in these skin patches is common. Cause Leprosy is a contagious, chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a rod-shaped bacterium.

is leprosy curable

All presentations of the disease are considered chronic. Malnutrition may also play a part in leprosy risk. Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae M. If you stop earlier, the bacteria may start growing again and you may get sick again.

A person with this type of infection only exhibits a few lesions. This disease is transmitted through droplets expelled by sneezes and coughs or by coming in contact with nasal fluids on surfaces.

Damage to extremities The numbing effects of leprosy on the skin can lead to repeated injuries.

types of leprosy

This type also affects the skin, nerves, and other organs. Symptoms The bacterium that causes leprosy grows very slowly and can take two to 10 years before signs and symptoms appear, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC.

Leprosy is not particularly contagious, and once treatment has been underway for 2 to 4 weeks, the individual is no longer contagious at all.

There is some news flow from these countries and today, leprosy NGOs all over the world are supporting a final, increased commitment to rid the world of leprosy.

Leprosy treatment

Most people with leprosy can be cured and do not need to be treated in hospital. Other signs of advanced leprosy may include loss of eyebrows and saddle-nose deformity resulting from damage to the nasal septum. Treatment usually lasts between one to two years. Related Pages How is the disease diagnosed? Leprosy is a rare infection in Australia, found mainly in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples from northern Australia and migrants from areas where the disease is more common. If left untreated, the disease can be debilitating and cause muscle weakness, disfigurement, permanent nerve damage in the arms and legs and loss of sensation in the body. Damage to the mucous membrane that coats the inside of the nose can sometimes lead to internal damage and scarring. However, for unknown reasons, this increased risk does not apply to individuals with HIV. Special reconstructive surgery can correct many deformities that develop. This usually occurs when a person with leprosy sneezes or coughs. Both types produce lesions on the skin, but the lepromatous form is more severe and causes the additional formation of large lumps and bumps. There are more than five lesions, the bacterium is detected in the skin smear, or both. People once were isolated from the rest of the population to prevent the spread of leprosy. Sometimes the affected skin areas may be reddish.
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Diagnosis and Treatment