The psychology of nihilism

existential nihilism

We should consult men with answers, or at least men who try at answers. However, this interpretation is open to the same criticism as above, since, barring mystical revelation, the only way the "truth" of nihilism can have been learned is from within the confines of human experience.

Therefore, nihilism is a type of cosmic agnosticism 'agnostic' meaning 'without knowledge ' in which the nihilist merely admits that he can never be certain of anything, not for lack of evidence, but for the fallibility inherent to consciousness. Discovering that you have been betrayed by eternalism, and have lost out on the promises it made, is a horrendous emotional blow.

The psychology of nihilism

It denies that there anything is meaningful at all. For him, nihilism requires a radical repudiation of all imposed values and meaning: "Nihilism is. Instead, good and evil are nebulous, and values addressing such are the product of nothing more than social and emotive pressures. Inevitably, nihilism will expose all cherished beliefs and sacrosanct truths as symptoms of a defective Western mythos. The clinging-to is not a symptom of nihilism, it is a symptom of belief as such, of psychological need and identity investment. A formally identical criticism has been leveled against relativism and the verifiability theory of meaning of logical positivism. To everyone who has overcome nihilism, the ideology they have chosen to replace it is the greater good. Meaningfulness is, at other times, obvious. Friedrich Nietzsche and Nihilism Among philosophers, Friedrich Nietzsche is most often associated with nihilism. At worst, suicide. The Christian moral ideals developed in opposition to this master morality, he says, as the reversal of the value system of the elite social class due to the oppressed class' resentment of their Roman masters. I would only caution that some day you may grow stronger so as to face this "nihilism" again, but more authentically, fully, without leaving "escape windows" for yourself to fall back into the old inertia dishonesty. This is the position that objects with parts do not exist, and only basic building blocks without parts exist e.

Thus, ironically, inasmuch as limiting suffering is the closest thing to a universal goal, a nihilist is doing the utmost good by doing nothing. Their answer was a qualified "Yes," advocating a formula of passionate commitment and impassive stoicism. Nietzsche advocated for the individual, so those who connected his teachings to racial and political ideologies like Nazism did a disservice to his reputation.

He certainly gives slave morality a much harder time, but this is partly because he believes that slave morality is modern society's more imminent danger.

It has to be, because, as Nietzsche reasons, whatever is good for individual superiority is the only worthwhile good.

Optimistic nihilism

You likely have strong instincts and intuitions; I hope you do not slaughter them at the alters of Truth, Reason and Reality. That caring is the main obstacle to accomplishing nihilism, and depression tries to annihilate it. In his study of meaninglessness, Donald Crosby writes that the source of modern nihilism paradoxically stems from a commitment to honest intellectual openness. Jean-Paul Sartre's defining preposition for the movement, "existence precedes essence," rules out any ground or foundation for establishing an essential self or a human nature. This is the origin of masochism in many rape victims and it is also the origin of a Nihilist's masochistic love of unreason and untruth. However, the best lies are those that make best use of truth. He must pass through this initial stage of naive nihilism before he can come around to a stronger nihilistic position, one that purges even nihilism itself of its falsehoods and reactionism. See also fideism. Somewhere entails going out and acting. And both optimistically discuss ways out of the abyss by focusing of the positive implications nothingness reveals, such as liberty, freedom, and creative possibilities. Depression copes with loss by lowering the stakes. Max Stirner's attacks on systematic philosophy, his denial of absolutes, and his rejection of abstract concepts of any kind often places him among the first philosophical nihilists. Nihilism in Literature Edit Although the word nihilism is of recent historical vintage, the attitude it represents is not, as is seen in a famous passage near the end of Shakespeare 's Macbeth — though Macbeth is not speaking of universal collapse or expansion but the brute and more immediate fact of human death: Out, out, brief candle! Acceptance Acceptance of both meaninglessness and meaningfulness is the way out of nihilism, and into the complete stance.
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