The role and significance of the belief in karma and samsara in the hindu religion
Berkeley: University of California Press. The jiva is immortal; however its bodies must continuously die and be reborn into lives filled with the threat of fear or hunger, and the pain of sorrow and hardships, such as old age or disease in a seemingly endless cycle Kaelber January Swami Sivanandaan Advaita scholar, reiterates the same views in his commentary synthesising Vedanta views on the Brahma Sutras.
When realizing atman one can then attain moksa liberation.
On this theistic view the soul remains distinct from the Lord even in liberation. There are several theories amongst scholars about the beginnings of the theory of rebirth amongst Asian traditions and ancient Indian civilizations. According to some Hindus this power is identified with the self atman while others regard it as distinct from the self.
The texts describing such life stages were written by men for men; they paid scant attention to stages appropriate for women. This is called varnashrama-dharma.
Each person therefore has their own dharma known as sva-dharma. Purushartha Purushartha Hinduism developed a doctrine that life has different goals according to a person's stage of life and position. According to the Brahma Sutras , individual souls are responsible for their own fate; God is merely the dispenser and witness with reference to the merit and demerit of souls. Women have often directed the cultivation of the auspicious life-giving force shakti they possess to the benefit of their husbands and families, but, as an ideal, this force has independent status. Once that veil is removed it is possible for the jiva to realize Atman Sharma Over the centuries there has been discussion about which goal was most important. It is often associated with bhakti movements, who link an attitude of eternal service to a personal deity. Ultimately God is beyond language and anything that can be said about God cannot capture the reality. These are dharma moral value, duty or law , kama sensory pleasure , and artha material wealth ; moksa liberation is widely accepted as the fourth goal within religious and philosophical texts.
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